Reconstruction era

Reconstruction era


Question 1 

In an effort to gain the right to vote, African Americans did all of the following during the Reconstruction era except

They marched for it.

They paraded to advocate for bills endorsing it.

They lionized black Revolutionary heroes to establish their credentials as vote-casting Americans.

They attempted to unite with the women’s suffrage movement.

They held mock elections to show their capacity and desire to participate in the American political process.

Question 2 

Immediately after the Civil War, many white landowners

began advertising in the North and in Europe for farm workers, determined not to use black labor and pay for it.

tried without success to force blacks who had once been their slaves to work under very similar conditions, even to the point of using the whip.

could not understand how they were to treat the former slaves, since they had never been in that situation before.

decided to make the first overtures and directly offered shorter hours and no gang work.

sold their plantations rather than have to hire and pay free blacks.

Question 3 

Radical Republicans in Congress sought to

break up Southern plantations into small, self-sufficient farms.

expel Southern states as punishment for their rebellion.

expand the role of the Freedmen’s Bureau and pass the Civil Rights Act.

execute the leaders of the Confederacy.

start a discussion about Northern guilt for the crime of slavery.

Question 4 

Passed by most of the new southern state governments during Reconstruction, the Black Codes did all of the following except

allow African Americans to buy and sell land.

legalize black marriages while banning interracial marriage.

permit African Americans to sit on juries.

make it legal for police to round up black vagrants and hire them out to white landowners.

increase the physical separation of black and white Americans.

Question 5 

The Fifteenth Amendment

prohibited any state from denying citizens the right to vote on the grounds of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

was initiated by the moderates in Congress who wanted to get the issue settled quickly.

was designed to protect the rights of black males and immigrant, non-citizen males.

was ratified and adopted in 1867, before any of the southern states returned to Congress.

specifically denied women the right to vote.

Question 6 

Vertical integration meant

buying up all competitors.

breaking up older but less competitive monopolies.

owning all aspects of production and distribution under one corporate organization, from accessing and owning the raw materials, to the production of the good(s), to the delivery of the finished product(s) to the consumer.

creating a business model that would allow for mass production.

buying just enough shares in a publicly traded company so as to control it.

Question 7 

Although corrupt, New York’s Tammany Hall appealed to

big business looking to boost profits.

recent immigrants and job seekers.

state government seeking a system for granting contracts.

reformers seeking to improve the social landscape.

Congressmen looking to get rich.

Question 8 

The Haymarket strike led to:

the founding of the Knights of Labor.

growing anti-union sentiment nationwide.

increased union membership across the country.

new government policies about arresting strikers.

a huge victory for the American Federation of Labor.

Question 9 

“Robber barons” or “captains of industry” were businessmen who

claimed ties to European aristocracies.

had made their riches during the Civil War.

fought bitterly against the expansion of suffrage.

built mafia-like organizations in the nation’s burgeoning cities.

amassed large fortunes between 1865 and 1900 with ruthlessness and ingenuity.

Question 10 

One of the earliest American preservationists was

Andrew Carnegie.

Jay Gould.

John Muir.

John D. Rockefeller.

Thomas Edison.

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